Medusamide A, a Panamanian Cyanobacterial Depsipeptide with Multiple β‑Amino Acids
Fenner, Amanda M.
Gerwick, William H.
Balunas, Marcy J.
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From a collection of marine cyanobacteria made in the Coiba National Park along the Pacific coast of the Republic of Panama a novel cyclic depsipeptide, given the trivial name medusamide A, has been isolated and fully characterized. Medusamide A contains four contiguous β-amino acid (2R,3R)-3-amino-2-methylhexanoic acid (Amha) residues. This is the first report of multiple Amha residues and contiguous β-amino acid residues within a single cyclic peptide-type natural product. Stereochemical assignment of the Amha residues was completed following the synthesis of reference standards for this β-amino acid and the subsequent derivatization with Marfey’s reagent and LC−MS analysis.